Diabetes and hypertension are thought to be interlinked. Hypertension is generally induced with diabetes, including gestational diabetes, Type 1, and Type 2 diabetes. Studies show that both diseases have some common causes and also share some risk factors.
To the worst side, both of these diseases contribute to the symptoms of each other. Identifying diabetes and hypertension is easy and can be diagnosed with a simple blood test. Individuals can also do a self-test with the help of a testing kit.
Hypertension refers to high blood pressure in which elevation is observed in systolic and diastolic pressures. Hypertension is often known as the silent killer as it slowly affects the cardiac muscles and further increases the risk of cardiac arrest.
An individual’s normal blood pressure is 120/80, while elevated blood pressure may rise to 140/90 or even more. The individual suffering from hypertension would be at greater risk of other health diseases, which can later develop into serious health issues.
Diabetes refers to the rise in the glucose level in blood and is often associated with insulin resistance. The level of blood sugar rises, which further increases the risk of cardiac arrest.
The average blood sugar level in the blood of a healthy person is 120mg, whereas a diabetic patient has 150mg or even higher blood sugar levels in the blood.
Normally there are three kinds of diabetes found in individuals that are as follows:
Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes appears in childhood. But it may affect individuals at a later age too. This type of diabetes occurs when immune cells attack the insulin cells in the blood.
Type 2 diabetes may develop at any age, and most commonly, people are affected with type 2 diabetes. Along with the rise in blood sugar levels, the individual often experiences kidney issues and other health issues. The rise in insulin sensitivity increases the blood sugar level in the blood. It further invites obesity and other health diseases.
Gestational diabetes: The gestational period commonly occurs in women during pregnancy. However, it stops when the gestation period is over. But some women have a high risk of developing the risk of type 2 diabetes with it.
Gestational diabetes can also cause severe complications during pregnancy, like pre-eclampsia.
Are Both of These Interlinked?
Diabetes and hypertension are often interlinked with each other. High levels of blood sugar levels and cholesterol in the blood can lead to hypertension. A person with a high glucose level in the blood may be at greater risk of high blood pressure.
Can Hypertension Cause Diabetes?
According to the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, high blood pressure can also develop the risk of type 2 diabetes in an individual. Both of these are linked with each other and cause several health issues, including heart inflammation.
Complications Associated with Both
Both the health conditions can have an adverse impact on the health of the individual, including kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, and other health-related diseases. In research, it was found that 30% of the people who have type 2 diabetes also suffer from high blood pressure condition.
Other complications that may arise with these are stretching of the blood vessels, increasing body fluid, and developing insulin resistance. The stress level in the individual also increases with both these health conditions.
Peripheral vascular diseases also arise from hypertension and diabetes.
Hypertension and diabetes are in close association with each other. Both of these leave a great impact on an individual’s health and may prove to be fatal. Thus, if one disease is diagnosed and treated, the symptoms of the other disease will automatically reduce.