HBA1C is also known as Hemoglobin A1C, Glycated Hemoglobin test, and Glycohemoglobin. It is the type of analysis that tells the level of sugar in a person’s blood over the past 2 to 3 months. Individuals who are suffering from diabetes need to test their blood on a regular basis to check whether their blood sugar is in control or not.
On the other hand, it is also used to diagnose diabetes. Haemoglobin is the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the various organs of the body. Thus, if the result of this test is high, then a person has diabetes.
Moreover, diabetes can also cause various other illnesses like heart diseases, nerve damage, kidney failure, etc.
What is glycated haemoglobin?
Human blood contains red blood cells that are known as haemoglobin and have oxygen in them. When this haemoglobin combines with sugar, also called glucose in the bloodstream, it results in Glycated Haemoglobin.
What is the need for this test?
The individuals who are suffering from diabetes should undergo this test according to the recommendation of their doctor. The doctors ask the individual to take this test every 3 to 6 months as it tells the overall control of blood glucose. However, if the result of this test is high, then there are countless chances of developing Diabetes complications known as Diabetic Retinopathy.
On the other hand, it is also used to check whether the treatment of diabetes is effective or not. Recently, this test is approved for the treatment of diabetes.
If an individual has below symptoms, then also doctors recommend this test. They are: –
- The person is feeling very thirsty
- Going for urination continuously
- Having blurred vision
Apart from all of the above, the person’s health care provider recommends taking this test to check if you are at a higher risk of diabetes. Risk factors are inclusive of: –
- You get obese or overweight
- If you have high blood pressure
- Heart disease history
- Any physical inactivity
A healthcare professional will first take the sample of the blood from the patient’s vein in the arm with the help of a small needle. When the needle gets inserted into the vein, a small quantity of blood is collected in a test tube or vial. This whole process takes just five minutes.
The best part is, there is no need for a fast before the test and you can eat or drink anything before the test. The results of the test are out within 24 hours.
What does the HBA1C test measure?
The test usually measures the overall percentage of the haemoglobin with the glucose that shows the average concentration of the blood for a few months. It can be measured in percentage or in units called mmol/mol.
- Normal: below 6%
- Prediabetes: in between 5.7% to 6.4%
- Diabetes: 6.5% or higher
Is there any risk related to the HBA1C test?
No, not at all! There are no serious risks associated with the test. But the patients get slight pain or bruising at the spots where the needle goes in and out.
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